Fibromyalgia is a chronic disorder with no cure, though its symptoms may be controlled. According to the Mayo Clinic, fibromyalgia is believed to amplify pain sensations by changing the way the brain receives signals from elsewhere in the body. Typically, individuals with fibromyalgia experience musculoskeletal pain throughout their bodies, in addition to severe fatigue, memory loss and trouble sleeping.
What causes fibromyalgia?
The simple answer is that no one knows for sure what causes the disease. According to Johns Hopkins Arthritis Center, research suggests that the disease is related to physical disorders of the central nervous system, as well as psycho-behavioral issues such as emotional disorders.
Some studies have suggested that fibromyalgia is associated with abnormal sleep patterns. Sleep deprivation can cause hormonal imbalances, which may trigger fibromyalgia symptoms. Some individuals may be more susceptible to the disease from a genetic standpoint.
Who is at risk for fibromyalgia?
As with many chronic immunodeficiency diseases, women are more at risk for developing fibromyalgia compared to men. Likewise, the condition is most likely to present between the ages of 30 and 50, though it is not limited to these ages. Individuals living with other chronic conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus or osteoarthritis are more likely to develop fibromyalgia.
Can fibromyalgia symptoms be reduced?
Though there is no cure for the disease, individuals living with fibromyalgia can reduce their symptoms by taking a proactive approach to their health. The Mayo Clinic recommends that anyone with fibromyalgia get plenty of sleep every