Getting the news that you have a fibroid is an experience of mixed emotion. By its very definition—a firm, compact tumor that develops in the uterus—a fibroid sounds like something very bad. But fibroids are not cancer, and that’s reason for celebration and relief! Indeed, most physicians say fibroids are not a concern for worry, as there is very little threat that they will turn malignant. Women who are between the ages of 30 and 40 are at the highest risk for developing fibroids, but they can still occur in women who have passed menopause.
With that said, fibroids aren’t always nothing. Sometimes they cause pain, heavy menstrual periods, constipation, pelvic pressure, and frequent urination. Importantly, fibroids can cause complications during pregnancy, and women with fibroids have an increased likelihood of cesarean delivery (C-section) because the tumors can cause the baby to sit in a position not ideal for delivery. Even if you have symptoms associated with a fibroid, there is a very low likelihood that the mass will affect the baby, but it is worth noting that women who have fibroids have a slightly higher risk of miscarriage and premature delivery.
What Are Fibroids?
Fibroids, also known as leiomyomas or myomas, are benign tumors that grow in the muscles of the uterus. These noncancerous tumors range in size–from the size of a pea to as large as a melon. Though it is largely unknown what specifically causes fibroids, doctors believe they are linked with higher levels of the hormones